论文标题社会养老保险、养老预期和出生人口性别比
作者张川川,李雅娴,胡志安
关键词新农保, 养老预期, 出生人口性别比
摘要本文使用中国健康与养老追踪调查(CHARLS)和2010年人口普查数据,从经验上检验了新农保的实施对农村人口养老预期和出生人口性别比的影响。结果显示,新农保的实施使农村中老年人预期依靠养老金养老的概率显著上升了7.8—9.9个百分点,预期依靠家庭养老的概率显著下降了3.9—4.9个百分点。总体而言,新农保的实施降低了农村人口对家庭养老的依赖。与上述结论一致,在县级层面上,我们发现新农保政策的实施显著降低了农村地区的出生人口性别比。
title Social Pension, Old-Age Support and the Sex Ratio Bias
authorCHUANCHUAN ZHANG, YAXIAN LI, ZHIAN HU
abstractExploiting a quasi-random variation in China’s introduction of a voluntary old-age pension programs in 2009 and using data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) and 2010 population census, this paper examines empirically the impact of the introduction of social pension on rural parents’ expectations for old-age support and the sex ratio at birth. Empirical results demonstrate that the rural parents covered by the pension program are less likely to expect to rely on family for old-age support but more likely to expect to rely on pension income, and the introduction of the pension program significantly decrease the sex ratio at birth.
JEL分类号H55, J13, J14
第16卷
第2期
页码749-770
发表日期2017-1